A cookie is a small text file that is stored on your computer, mobile terminal, or other equipment a visitor uses to access the Internet.
The cookie is completely “passive” (does not contain software, viruses or spyware, and can not access information on the user’s hard drive).
In itself, cookies do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users.
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) and a specific web-server (website). If a user accesses that site again, they can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide user-friendly services (such as online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising).
Cookies are managed by web servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the web site and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (” permanent cookies “). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / suppliers (e.g., a video or an advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third-party vendors must also comply with the applicable law and the site’s privacy policies.
This type of cookie retains the user’s preferences on this site, so they no longer need to be set at every site visit.
Cookies for Visitor Analysis
Cookies for geotargeting
These cookies are used by software that determines where you come from. It is completely anonymous and is used only to target the content – even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language, you receive the same advertisement.
Cookies for registration
When you register on this site, we generate a cookie that tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account with which you are registered and if you have permission for a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comment you post on our website with your username. If you did not selected “Keep me”, this cookie will be deleted automatically when you close the browser or computer.
Cookies for advertising
Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people have been exposed to an ad, or to see how many people have been exposed multiple times to the same ad. The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. Third-party cookies can be used to show your target advertising on other sites, based on your browsing on this site.
Other cookies from third parties
On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or customize an application. Due to the use of this site, this site can not access these cookies, just as third parties can not access the cookies owned by this site. For example, when you share an article using the social network button on this site, that social network will record your activity.
Cookies are the central focus of the Internet’s efficient operation, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites impossible to use. Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests highlighted by the navigation behavior in which the most likely the advertising you receive will be be less relevant to you.
Cookies are NOT Viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made of pieces of code so they can not be executed or can run themselves. Consequently, they can not duplicate or replicate on other networks to run again. Because they can not perform these functions, they can not be considered viruses. Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in antivirus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have built in privacy settings that provide different cookie acceptance levels: auto-expiration and auto-delete after the user has visited a specific site. Since identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what issues can be created by cookies. Because they transmit constantly, in both directions, information between the browser and the website, if an attacker or an unauthorized person interferes with the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg an unsecured Wi-Fi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to mislead browsers to send information via unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information for purposes of unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites.
This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can surf the Internet with confidence.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive / see online advertising anymore.
You can set the browser as to block cookies, or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a particular site. For example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s “options” or “favorites” menu.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s “help” option for more details.
Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
For third-party cookie settings, you can also visit the site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/
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